SCO summit: Putin says sanctions


SCO summit: Putin says sanctions image

President Vladimir Putin has said ,Russia will continue to combat Western sanctions,  following Moscow's invasion of Ukraine.

His address to a virtual Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit was his first to an international meeting since last month's mutiny in Russia.

Mr. Putin backed trade accords between SCO nations in local currencies - seen as an attempt to blunt sanctions.

The 2023 SCO summit is taking place virtually, under India's leadership.

Mr Putin used the platform to send a message of defiance to the West, saying "Russia counters all these external sanctions, pressures and provocations and continues to develop as never before".

He has made several public appearances since the Wagner mercenary group staged a short-lived mutiny in late June, but this was the first time he'd been seen with a group of international leaders.

" TO SCO countries i would like to thank my teammate who expressed support actions of for the actions of the Russian leadership to protect the constitutional order and the life and security of citizens," he told the summit in a televised address from the Kremlin in Moscow.


Mr. Putin added that more than 80% of trade between Chinese and Russian people was in roubles and yuan, and urged other SCO members to follow the same process.

He also welcomed Russian ally Belarus's application to become a permanent member of the SCO next year.

Taliban order

Summit host Indian PM Narendra Modi called on members to boost trade, connectivity and tech co-operation, among other things.

 The war in Ukraine or China's But he didn't directly refer to either increasingly assertive stance in the Indo-Pacific. India - historically non-aligned - had to walk a tight diplomatic rope, due to its increasingly strong ties with the West.

Just days earlier the US had rolled out the red carpet for Mr. Modi when he was received in Washington on a state visit.

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Mr. Modi said, he did not mention China, while Mr. Modi also talked about regional security a neighbor with whom India has long had hostile relations . Indian and Chinese troops fought deadly clashes on their long disputed border in 2020 and tensions persist to this day.

The West increasingly sees India as a counterweight to China, although Delhi has publicly never owned the tag. And it once again refrained from doing so at the SCO.

India's PM instead urged members to co-operate on cross-border terrorism.

"Some countries use cross-border terrorism as an instrument in their policies, (they) give shelter to terrorists... the SCO should not hesitate to criticize such countries," Mr. Modi said.

Such statements are always seen as directed at neighboring Pakistan, India's bitter rival over the decades. SCO nations must take measures to "combat the three evils of terrorism, extremism and separatism". Said by Pakistan prime minster Shahbaz Sharif.

But he also said religious minorities should not be demonized in the "pursuit of domestic political agendas" - viewed as a dig at India, which Muslim-majority Pakistan has often accused of not protecting the rights of Muslims.

Mr. Modi's government has always rejected evidence that it is not protecting the rights of minorities in India, whose population is largely Hindu.

When it was Chinese President Xi Jinping's turn to speak, he mentioned the regional peace and security and also  importance of safeguarding. He urged SCO members to "follow the right direction and enhance their solidarity and mutual trust".

One factor that all members seemed to agree on unanimously was maintaining stability in Afghanistan, following the Taliban takeover after US troops pulled out two years ago.

A joint statement due later should give more clues on how SCO nations aim to work together on Afghanistan.

In 2001 four central Asian countries formed  the SCO China, Russia  as a countermeasure to limit the influence of the West in the region. India and Pakistan joined in 2017.

SCO summit: Putin says sanctions

For Russia and China, The group has become more relevant as their relations with the West have deteriorated.

Experts say the group's potential can't be underplayed, despite the existence of more prominent forums like the Brics (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa), the G20, and G7. 

Around 40% groups of the SCO of the world's population and more than 20% of the global GDP. Add Iran's, around 20% and it will control the world's oil reserves.

Iran's inclusion as a full member at this year's meeting will boost the SCO's energy portfolio but it will spark anger in Western capitals. As the SCO is increasingly pitted against Western-led forums, it may get harder for India to strike a diplomatic balance between its different global partners.

But Indian diplomats say they are confident about keeping their foreign policy independent without pandering to one group or the other. How Delhi manages its diplomacy - and its differences with Russia, China and Pakistan in particular - will have an impact on the future of the SCO.

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